April 20

Teacher-centered versus Student-centered education

When considering their approach to instruction, teachers are always looking for the method that is most beneficial for all of their students. Teachers want their students to enjoy the learning process, and they want the classroom to be orderly and controlled. As a result, the debate of teacher-centered vs. student-centered education has been in the forefront of educators’ minds for many years. Though many people have a specific idea of which type of education is best, there are both advantages and disadvantages to each approach. Below is a description of each approach, along with some pros and cons.

Teacher-centered education

In teacher-centered education, students put all of their focus on the teacher. The teacher talks, while the students exclusively listen. During activities, students work alone, and collaboration is discouraged.


  • When education is teacher-centered, the classroom remains orderly. Students are quiet, and the teacher retains full control of the classroom and its activities.
  • Because students learn on their own, they learn to be independent and make their own decisions.
  • Because the teacher directs all classroom activities, they don’t have to worry that students will miss an important topic.


  • When students work alone, they don’t learn to collaborate with other students, and communication skills may suffer.
  • Teacher-centered instruction can get boring for students. Their minds may wander, and they may miss important facts.
  • Teacher-centered instruction doesn’t allow students to express themselves, ask questions and direct their own learning.

Student-centered instruction

When a classroom operates with student-centered instruction, students and instructors share the focus. Instead of listening to the teacher exclusively, students and teachers interact equally. Group work is encouraged, and students learn to collaborate and communicate with one another.


  • Students learn important communicative and collaborative skills through group work.
  • Students learn to direct their own learning, ask questions and complete tasks independently.
  • Students are more interested in learning activities when they can interact with one another and participate actively.


  • Because students are talking, classrooms are often busy, noisy and chaotic.
  • Teachers must attempt to manage all students’ activities at once, which can be difficult when students are working on different stages of the same project.
  • Because the teacher doesn’t deliver instruction to all students at once, some students may miss important facts.
  • Some students prefer to work alone, so group work can become problematic.

Making a decision

In recent years, more teachers have moved toward a student-centered approach. However, some students maintain that teacher-centered education is the more effective strategy. In most cases, it is best for teachers to use a combination of approaches to ensure that all student needs are met.

When both approaches are used together, students can enjoy the positives of both types of education. Instead of getting bored with teacher-centered education or losing sight of their goals in a completely student-centered classroom, pupils can benefit from a well-balanced educational atmosphere.


From: http://education.cu-portland.edu/blog/classroom-resources/which-is-best-teacher-centered-or-student-centered-education/

April 20

Finnish core curriculum – understanding of learning

The Finnish elementary school core curriculum
The core curriculum has been prepared based on the notion of learning, according to which the student is an active participant. He will learn to set goals and solve problems both independently and in cooperation with others. Learning is an integral part of individual development and building good life for communities. Language, embodiment, and the use of different senses are essential for thinking and learning. Alongside learning knowledge and skills, the student learns to reflect on their learning, experiences and emotions. The positive emotional experiences, the joy of learning and creative activities promote learning and encourage the development of skills.
Learning happens through interaction with other students, teachers, and other adults, as well as with the various communities and learning environments. It is doing things alone and together, thinking, planning, testing and evaluation of these processes. Therefore, the students’ willingness and cumulative ability to work as an evolve is essential. Students are also directed to take into account the consequences of their activities and their impact on other people and the environment. Learning together stimulate students’ creative and critical thinking and problem-solving skills and the ability to understand different points of view. It also supports the diversification of the students’ interestt. Learning is divers and tied to specified matter, time and place.
Learning to learn is the basis for the development of goal-oriented, and lifelong learning. That’s why the student is guided to be aware of their own ways to learn and to use this knowledge to promote learning. A conscious and responsible student learns to be increasingly self-directed. During the learning process, they learn, work and thinking skills, as well as to anticipate and plan for the different stages of learning. In order for the student to learn new concepts and deepen their understanding of the learning topics, he is guided to connect the lessons to be learned and new concepts previously learned. Learning new skills and knowledge is cumulative, and it often requires a long-term and persistent training.
The student’s interests, values, ways of working and emotions, as well as the experiences and perceptions of oneself as a learner guide the process of learning and motivation. The student’s self-image and self-efficacy and sense of self-esteem have an impact on what goals the students set for their operation. Encouragement and guidance that happen during the learning process confirm the student’s confidence in their own ability. Giving and receiving versatile positive and realistic feedback is an essential part of learning, as well as supporting interaction that broadens the student’s interests.”